Publications

Forthcoming
Fogel-Dror Y, Shenhav S, Sheafer T, Van Atteveldt W. Role-based Association of verbs, actions, and sentiments with entities in political discourse. Media Methods and Measures. Forthcoming.
Amsalem E, Zoizner A, Sheafer T, Walgrave S, Lowen P. The Effect of Politicians’ Personality on Their Media Visibility. Communication Research [Internet]. Forthcoming. Publisher's Version
Sheffer L, Lowen P, Soroka S, Walgrave S, Sheafer T. Non-Representative Representatives: An Experimental Study of the Decision Making of Elected Politicians. American Political Science Review [Internet]. Forthcoming. Publisher's Version
2017
Zoizner A, Sheafer T, Walgrave S. How politicians' attitudes and goals moderate political agenda-setting by the media. International Journal of Press/Politics [Internet]. 2017;22 (4) :431-449. Publisher's Version
Amsalem E, Sheafer T, Walgrave S, Lowen P, Soroka S. Media motivation and elite rhetoric in comparative perspective. Political Communication [Internet]. 2017;34 (3) :385-403. Publisher's Version
Van Atteveldt W, Sheafer T, Shenhav S, Fogel-Dror Y. Clause analysis: Using syntactic information to automatically extract source, subject, and predicate from texts with an application to the 2008-2009 Gaza War. Political Analysis [Internet]. 2017;25 (2) :207-222. Publisher's Version
2016
Oshri O, Sheafer T, Shenhav SR. A community of values: Democratic identity formation in the European Union. European Union Politics [Internet]. 2016;17 :114. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Has the European Union (EU) succeeded in socializing citizens to support the democratic values it claims to promote? On the face of it, the prevailing skepticism precludes any expectation of a successful socialization of EU citizens to the EU values. Yet, according to the socialization hypothesis, citizens' support for these values is expected to increase as countries accumulate more years of the EU membership. Using survey data to isolate distinct dimensions of democratic values, we examine differences among countries in this regard, as well as changes within countries over time. Results confirm the socialization hypothesis, showing that support for democratic values is generally higher in countries with more years of the EU membership, and that this support trends upwards over time. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Walter D, Sheafer T, Nir L, Shenhav S. Not All Countries Are Created Equal: Foreign Countries Prevalence in U.S. News and Entertainment Media. Mass Communication & Society [Internet]. 2016;19 :522 - 541. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Why do some countries appear more popular than others in mass media? Although researchers have long sought to explain foreign countries’ prevalence in the media, to date they have exclusively focused on news, leaving other types of media content unexplored. In addition, focusing on media effects and media content, the literature on entertainment and politics has largely ignored the study of agenda-building processes. Thus, this study fills these gaps by exploring factors affecting the volume of references to foreign countries in both U.S. news and entertainment media. Analyzing more than 400 U.S. television shows, four news channels, and two newspapers spanning from 2000 to 2011, we reexamine past findings on salience of foreign countries in the news and apply these findings to a new field of research, entertainment media. We further suggest that the same factors shaping foreign countries’ prevalence in the news media are applicable to both news and entertainment and that in the conte
2015
Balmas M, Sheafer T, Wolfsfeld G. Enemies also get their say: press performance during political crises. International journal of communication (Online) [Internet]. 2015 :154. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Press independence is a major concern in political communication. A considerable body of literature, mostly from studies of U.S. media, has claimed that the media have difficulty exercising independence from [...]
2014
Balmas M, Rahat G, Sheafer T, Shenhav SR. Two routes to personalized politics: Centralized and decentralized personalization. Party Politics [Internet]. 2014;20 :37. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This article describes two opposing types of political personalization: centralizing and decentralizing personalization. The first implies the centralization of political power in the hands of a few leaders, while the latter indicates a diffusion of group power among its components: individual politicians. We start by proposing definitions of the types and subtypes of centralized and decentralized personalization and review the literature in search of evidence of their occurrence. We then demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed typology by examining personalization trends in various aspects of Israeli politics and conclude with a discussion of the challenges that personalization set for liberal democracies. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
Balmas M, Sheafer T. Charismatic Leaders and Mediated Personalization in the International Arena. Communication Research [Internet]. 2014;41 :991. Publisher's VersionAbstract
A big data analysis of six countries has demonstrated that Western news media focus increasingly on foreign leaders, at the expense of their respective countries—a process termed here as mediated political personalization in the international arena. Important variations found across the countries in the sample are attributed to differences in media systems, media values, and the level of development of communication technologies. However, for the first time, it was shown that the personalization process is not deterministic; rather, it is affected by leaders’ personal qualities, particularly those that are aligned with the values of prevalent media logic. Thus, the election of a leader endowed with strong charisma accelerates the process of personalization in the coverage of his or her country in the foreign media. Data were obtained from a large corpus comprising more than 800,000 news items spanning two to three past decades, subjected to a computerized content analysis. [ABSTRACT F
Sheafer T, Shenhav SR, Takens J, Van Atteveldt W. Relative political and value proximity in mediated public diplomacy: the effect of state-level homophily on international frame building. Political Communication [Internet]. 2014 :149. Publisher's Version
Shenhav SR, Oshri O, Ofek D, Sheafer T. Story Coalitions: Applying Narrative Theory to the Study of Coalition Formation. Political Psychology [Internet]. 2014 :661. Publisher's VersionAbstract
To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pops.12072/abstract Byline: Shaul R. Shenhav, Odelia Oshri, Dganit Ofek, Tamir Sheafer Keywords: narrative; political narratives; narrative theory; narrative analysis; coalition formation; national stories; story coalitions; Israel This article explores the potential of incorporating narrative theory into the study of coalition formation. Following a discussion of the role of narratives in group-formation processes in a coalition-driven dynamic, we offer a theoretical framework to examine the ways political stories espoused by people are mirrored by the partisan system. We integrate theoretical assumptions of narrative studies with coalition-formation theories in an attempt to frame coalition-formation models in terms of voters' political stories. We test our theoretical framework by simulating various possible coalitions in the Israeli 2009 elections and as
2013
Yarchi M, Wolfsfeld G, Sheafer T, Shenhav SR. Promoting stories about terrorism to the international news media: A study of public diplomacy. Media, War & Conflict [Internet]. 2013;6 :263. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Antagonists’ images in the international news media can play a significant role in determining their level of political success in the international arena, which explains why so many political actors invest considerable resources in public diplomacy. The goal of the present study is to explain the level of success that various actors (countries and non-state actors) have in promoting their preferred frames about terror to the international news media. Four types of explanatory variables are proposed, divided into context and focal event factors. Context factors include the political values and policy proximity between the country attacked (the victimized country) and a country whose news media have been targeted for influence (the target country), as well as the target country’s experience in dealing with terror. Focal event factors refer to the nature of the trigger events that generate news coverage of terrorism. Apart from one exception (the policy proximity), all of the hypotheses
Wolfsfeld G, Segev E, Sheafer T. Social Media and the Arab Spring: Politics Comes First. International Journal of Press/Politics [Internet]. 2013;18 :115. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The goal of this article is to place the role that social media plays in collective action within a more general theoretical structure, using the events of the Arab Spring as a case study. The article presents two broad theoretical principles. The first is that one cannot understand the role of social media in collective action without first taking into account the political environment in which they operate. The second principle states that a significant increase in the use of the new media is much more likely to follow a significant amount of protest activity than to precede it. The study examines these two principles using political, media, and protest data from twenty Arab countries and the Palestinian Authority. The findings provide strong support for the validity of the claims. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Sheafer T, Shenhav S. Political culture congruence and political stability: revisiting the congruence hypothesis with prospect theory. Journal of Conflict Resolution [Internet]. 2013 :232. Publisher's Version
Sheafer T, Ben-Nun Bloom P, Shenhav SR, Segev E. The conditional nature of value-based proximity between countries: strategic implications for mediated public diplomacy. American Behavioral Scientist [Internet]. 2013 :1256. Publisher's Version
Segev E, Sheafer T, Shenhav SR. Is the world getting flatter? A new method for examining structural trends in the news. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology [Internet]. 2013 :2537. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The study presents a new approach to analyzing structural changes in networks over time and explores how newspapers such as the 'New York Times' and 'Der Spiegel' have changed their representation of the world over a period of 50 years. Results reveal a constant gap between the most and least central countries over the years as well as a convergence trend in both newspapers, that is, a more equal centrality of European, Middle Eastern, and Asian nations in the news.
Balmas M, Sheafer T. Leaders First, Countries After: Mediated Political Personalization in the International Arena. Journal of Communication [Internet]. 2013 :454. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Byline: Meital Balmas, Tamir Sheafer This study is the first comparative analysis of mediated political personalization in the international arena; its contribution to the research in the field is twofold: (a) through a longitudinal analysis, it shows that media coverage of foreign countries focuses increasingly on state leaders rather than on the countries per se; and (b) it accounts for variations in the level of mediated political personalization between pairs of countries: the greater the distance between a pair of countries, in terms of values, political interests, economic relations, and geographical distance, the more their news coverage of each other focuses on the foreign country's leader at the expense of other political aspects. Author Affiliation:
Hubé N, van Aelst P, Sheafer T, Papathanassopoulos Stylianos S. Personalization of Political News: A Comparative Study. [Internet]. 2013. Publisher's Version

Pages